中原大學電機工程學系
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107學年度 >電力能源組
浮體式波浪發電模型之創作與應用
指導老師:涂世雄   組長:洪浩哲   組員:林俊廷
隨著全球石油能源短缺,世界各國無不積極尋求永續開發且無公害污染之能源方案,而海洋能發電的形式已成為世界諸國積極研究之重要課題。本研究利用近海岸浮體式波浪發電設計,選擇利用波浪理論推導與真實造波水槽測試方式,實驗分析本創作波浪發電機在造波水槽規則波中,波浪發電機的發電效能與動作情況,本研究浮體式波浪發電設計概念,藉由一浮動載台機構將波浪運動能,轉換為帶動發電機組發電之主要的動力來源,而載台設計上利用浮體浮力,透過特殊時規皮帶巧妙聯結活動掛重以擷取波浪能量,也透過時規皮帶在浮體與活動掛重兩者中,產生時規皮帶的張力差,此刻時規皮帶的張力差與波浪的波高、週期與活動掛重三者產生連動效應,並有效率的將波浪運動能轉換為有用的機械能,最終再帶動發電機組轉換為電能,現階段所開發的點吸收式波浪發電系統,經水槽實驗測試後,當週期為1.5s波高4公分時有最佳週期平均發電效率為65%,依據模型相似理論縮尺為1/50,預估未來原型機組的最佳發電效率將發生在波浪週期10.6s、波高2公尺。
With the increasing shortage of fossil energy, countries around the world are all endeavor in looking for sustainable developing and pollution free energy program. Ocean energy power generation is now becoming one of the important issues that countries around the world are studying. In this research, we adopted Near Shore Float Wave Activated Power Generation design and used Wave Theory Induction and Real Wave Making Trough testing methods to analyze the power generation efficiency and working situation of the created wave activated generator. In this Float Wave Generation Concept of this research employs a floating carrier mechanism to transform the wave kinetic energy into the main power source for the power generation of generator, and the design of carrier uses the buoyancy of float to take up the wave energy through the delicately connected special time belt with flexible counter weight, and the time belt is used to generate the tension difference of time belt between the float and the flexible counterweight. At this time, the time belt tension difference and the height of
wave, cycle and flexible counter weight are in interlock effect and transform the kinetic energy of wave into useful mechanical energy efficiently, and finally the mechanical energy drives generating set to transform the energy into electric energy. The point absorption wave activated generating system developed presently, after water trough testing, when the cycle is 1.5s and wave height of 4 cm, there is the optimum cycle average generating efficiency of 65%. When in the model similarity theory of 1/50 scale, it is estimated that the future prototype optimum generating efficiency will be occurred at wave cycle of 10.6 s and wave height of 2m.
我們決定將壓電陶瓷晶片和鞋子做結合。
   
 
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